Hegemonic stability theory captures the international relations, and is rooted on political science, cultural and economics. This essay is based on strong argumentative facets that support the hegemony phenomenon. The paper extends its scope to analyze the main impacts that were contributed by the hegemonic period between 20s and 70s. These impacts are mainly based on the economic, cultural and political influences on colonialism. Some of the key elements contained in this paper include the definition and identity of pertinent approaches to cultural exchange. Some of the discussed modes of cultural exchange include Christianization, constitutional values and the capitalist values. Additionally, the essay focuses on the provision of historical overview alongside their supported examples.
In the US, Hegemonic period had a lot to do with political, cultural as well as the economic effects on colonialism. The period extended between the years 1820 and 1871. Hegemony has high affinity to power and is defined by Susan as the ability of a party to create effect on preferential outcomes. The fact that the United States was hegemon is associated to the power factors associated with the production and resources. Resources serve as a very important factor of economic growth and achievement of a considerable amount of GDP.
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Geopolitics refers to the influence brought about by a geographical factor in areas such as me politics and international relations. Therefore, the geopolitical environment can be defined as the political situation in a region while including the nation's history, religion, culture, and the existing governmental structures. Today the native communities in America have evolved over time ad are not quite the same as those that existed during the period that Columbus arrived. After the process involving colonization by the most of the native communities of the southeastern such as the ideas were exposed and led to developed forms of political competition, cultural and markets ideas and consequently having a great effect.
For the southeastern communities, colonization led to the development of a series of changes. Before the colonization process, the southeastern communities were already initiating significant changes. However, with the establishment of colonial masters in these states there was pronounced cooperation in the economic field, political competition as well as in cultural exchange.
American Cultural Features
Some of the components of American cultures include religion, values for profit making, the American constitutional government, gender, and education. These factors play an important role in infiltrating and helping to change the cultural and institutional relations among the southeastern nations. For instance, the values for profit making are mainly motivated by the American dream which is the desire of the Americans to make their life better on a daily basis. It is the values for profit making that led to rise of class and capitalism in the nation. The rich and the wealthy people took control of the entire market while the poor people continue to suffer and their life did not change or become better in any way. The class differentiation helped in changing the institutional relations among the southeastern nations.
By the 19th century, Asia had become more attractive to many of the European nations. There were some nations that ended up becoming weakened while others ended up not functioning well as expected. The rate of socialization however changed the American culture. Multicultural education has made it better for the nation to have a rich culture. The language difference among the people has not in any way affected the people. On the other hand, there are several religions such as Christianity and Islam that has made the American culture rich and better. The constitutional has made it better for the southeastern nations to comfortably relate with the American nation. They not only promote multiculturalism but have also opened doors for other communities to exist without discrimination in regards to gender, religion or values.
In conclusion, American cultural features such have language, education and values has made it possible for existence of change in institutional and cultural relations. The cultural exchange has helped in the rise of capitalism, class and the constitutional governments. This is the reason the American society is rich not only in culture but also in regards to its relations
Impacts of the Markets
The economic contact between the US and the native communities left a long lasting impact. This effect was greater among the natives that had been incorporated into the trade. The trade activities of these nations included the trade of furs, cotton, as well as skin. Among these communities, the fur trade was established around the 1500s and was able to last up to the 1840s. Due to the fur trade, the America natives became wholly dependent on the existing trade. These nations started trading fur and in return, they were able to acquire a majority of the European products such as gun iron tools and cloth.
The Fur trade further threatened the societies relations with their animals as they trade was against their native beliefs that promote the respect for their animals. The fur trade, however, was not directly attributed to the change to the capitalists idea rather the indigenous communities of southeastern they were responding to their increasing need and not for accumulating wealth. Over the years, the fur trade became a depleting game and could therefore not cater for the needs of the natives. For the traders to acquire the fur, they had to move more towards the interior of the nations, which generally led to the purchase and occupation for the Europeans who later colonized the areas. Although the native world remained intact, some of the natives were incorporated into the European market while others increased their hunting and gathering activities to acquire more Fur. With the collapse of the Fur trade, among the southeastern nations were impoverished and as a result, the communities were forced to sell their lad to the Europeans and gained employment while others started subsistence farming.
There is a great extent to which markets explain the growth of the capitalism ideology, the development of class between societies and the existence of the subsistence economy. According to the Marxist theory, capitalism is considered as an economic system that incorporates the idea of waged labor, which is applied by the owner of production means for increasing productivity that is sold in a free market. This markets for products led to the development of a class system as workers are required to provide labor while the owners of the production means amass a lot of wealth. With the fur trade declination, most of the southern nations decided to turn to small-scale farming of the cotton plat. Most of the 19th century was spent by the native southern countries struggling against the European intrusion.
While most of the Indian farmers incorporated the America values most of the other conservative were reluctant to include the entrepreneurial activities and the capitalist’s theory. Therefore, these nations continued practicing small-scale subsistence cotton production thereby producing only enough for consumption and trade. While other native nations started applying the idea of waged labor, therefore, this led to the development of class formation as those communities that incorporated the capitalism. Increased demand for the cotton product in the trade market resulted in the rise of capitalism as it increased production of cotton.
As seen in this paper, geopolitics contributes to massive influence on the geographical aspects in the fields of politics as well as international relations. The definition provided shows that the environment is massively influenced by the historical modes of operation. Some of these operations include the historical, religious, environmental and cultural dimensions. From this analysis, it is clear that geopolitics was a major concern during the periods captured in this paper, more so to the history on the Americans. Furthermore, it is clear that the contemporary American communities show significant elements of evolution from the periods captured above. Additionally, it can be observed that colonization had a great impact on the entire nation. This follows the fact that the process of colonization was preceded by the acts of political competition, cultural and markets ideas.
Several series of changes followed colonization in the communities affected. The effect shows that colonization was a remarkable period in the lives of the Americans. It is clear that before colonization, there was quite insignificant amount of changes portrayed within the affected communities. Due to the colonial establishments, several changes became eminent. Some of the stated changes include economic factors, political changes as well as economic differences. It is, hence, clear that these factors had a great sense of dependence on colonialism. Whenever significant changes are eminent in a society, the most likely conclusion that can be derived from this is that people had a feeling impact of the happening. The most important economic fact related to the observation is evident in the field of trade.
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Critique of the Multidimensional Theories
Theories revolving around colonialism create emphasis to the idea of materialistic domination, which is viewed from the colonizers view. The America native communities were able to survive for many years of colonialism. However, there is the rise of questions as to how, what way, and why these communities survived for so long. Most of the theories on colonial domination brought forward have failed to provide a clear solution to these questions. The multidimensional approach tends to answer the questions posed by centering the colonized and viewing them as the main historical actors. Further, the method combines cultural exchange between colonial masters and the subjects. The multidimensional theory that consists of geopolitics, cultural and economics forms of colonization that have helped people have a better understanding of colonialism, however, focusing on these factors fails to provide a complete picture of the colonial process. Further, the communities being colonized are disregarded in the interpretations. Therefore, for providing more comprehensive information with the changing patterns in social interactions, it is necessary to provide a detailed account of cultural, political, and economic perspectives of the native communities. Further over-reliance on the colonizing states analytical features cannot take arguments far because at a particular point better understandings have to be gained through analyzing the historical relationship between the nations colonized and the colonizers.
The culture of profit making led to the introduction of the capitalist system. In accordance to both Carl Max and Max Weber the emergence of capitalism leads to the creation of “iron cage” hence, it is unleashed some of the economic actors are forced out business failure to comply. The theory gives the idea that societies readily chose more income that is generated from the capitalist market. Further communities are bound to do away with their traditional fetishes to join the modern production oriented markets. Therefore, Echoing the Weber ad Marx, most of the modern economics argue that the America Capitalist culture will ultimately lead to the transformation of the native societies social and cultural institutions relations.