Causes of the Civil War
Sep 28, 2020 in Informative

Maintenance of peace is essential to the development of a nation. In fact, political and ideological differences among citizens compromise the stability of a country due to the threats posed by the development of civil wars. With this in mind, it is worth acknowledging the fact that the elaboration of the American Civil War was mainly attributed to the political differences the Northern and Southern America had about slavery. According to the American Journal of Political Science, the southern section was primarily based on the growth of the agrarian economy while the North focused on industrialization. As such, the former depended on the labor provided by African slaves while the latter relied on immigrants from Germany and Ireland to enhance its growth. With these differences, the sections embraced, contrasting social and political beliefs. With the rise of humanitarian organizations, the North pushed towards the abolition of slavery while the South castigated this initiative as it would have affected its development. The resulting conflict led to the death of more than 625,000 American citizens making it the most severe conflict with many casualties in the United States’ history. For a fact, the American civil war developed because of the political differences between the northern and southern America and their conflicting ideologies about slavery.

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The different responses between the Northern and Southern America about the abolition of slavery led to the development of the civil war. According to Catton and James, the disruption of the slave trade unions was the primary reason for the emergence of this conflict. The agrarian South heavily relied on the constant supply of slaves from Africa to enhance their political and economic growth. In fact, before the commencement of civil wars, more than four million slaves and their descendants worked as laborers in the south. They were highly regarded as a means of wealth and could at times be used to settle debts. Contrastingly, the states in the North had completely abolished slavery. Their labor demands were satisfied by the immigrants from neighboring nations. This difference sparked the development of conflict among the Americans due to the different ideology about the future of slavery. The southern section was willing to fight to maintain its stance on this issue while the north wanted to eliminate slave trade. As a result, these differences led to the American Civil War.

Abraham Lincoln’s victory as the first Republican president in 1860 exacerbated the development of the American civil war. The Comparative Political Studies argues that people who opposed slavery formed the Republican Party in the 1850s. Additionally, when Lincoln took charge as president, he pledged to keep slavery out of the American territories through the abolition of slave trade. This proposal conflicted the needs of the southern section of the United States, which proposed the continuity of slave trade for their economic stability. As a result, seven southern states seceded to form another nation, the Confederate States of America. However, the Northern states failed to recognize this initiative and so did Lincoln’s government. The South felt agitated and motivated to push towards the recognition of their political action. On the other hand, the Northern states and the government were willing to castigate the implementation of this reform. These political differences sparked the development of the American Civil War. Consequently, Abraham Lincoln’s election as president enhanced the emergence of the civil war due to the development of political differences between the Northern and the Southern American states.

 
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The conflicting political views about the federal and state governments’ power over slave trade sparked the development of the civil war. A large section of the southerners believed that their states had the authority to determine how slave trade was conducted within their locations. As such, they disputed the power of the federal government to abolish slavery and slave trade altogether without consulting the southern state governments. The individual states, therefore, sought power to control slavery without the intervention of the federal government. Additionally, a lot of controversies arose disputing the absolute strength of the central government over this issue. Precisely, whether or not the federal government had the power to regulate or abolish slavery within the United States. The development of this debate was largely based on the northern and southern states. The southerners sought to establish complete control over slavery through the state governments while the northerners believed the federal government had the power to regulate slavery in individual nations. Therefore, the conflicting political views of the northern and southern section of the United States about the federal government’s powers led to the development of civil wars.

The development of the abolitionist movement sparked the occurrence of the American Civil War. According to Holmstrom, the United States had begun experiencing groups of individuals who were against slavery within the country. These groups mainly comprised of the northerners, who were willing to use legal and political initiatives to eliminate slavery in America. However, the southern states were against the existence of this movement. They made legal reforms to fight the initiatives implemented by this group, but their interventions proved to be inefficient. In most cases, the abolitionists assisted the runaway slaves to escape via the underground railroads from their masters in the south. Their actions were illegal, but the government did not take proper measures to halt this action. As such, the southerners believed that the Northerners chose the parts of the constitution to uphold while overlooking what they thought was unimportant. Worst still, they expected the southern states to abide by the rules enforced by the central government, which favored the northern states. Consequently, the development of the abolitionist movement upheld by the states of the north led to the development of civil wars in the United States.

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The political events that occurred during the southern secession resulted in the development of the American Civil War. The World Politics reports that the occurrences that began during the December of 1860 through the June of the following year made a tremendous impact on the development of resentment between the northerners and the southerners. This union was largely divided upon geographical lines since a large section of the states in Virginia, Tennessee, North Carolina and Arkansas supported the establishment of a provisional government. All the states in the south wanted to disassociate themselves from the United States to form an independent nation due to the differences in political ideologies. However, the formation of this nation was disapproved in 1861 when most of the American states voted out the secession provision. This action led to the development of resentment among the southerners and drove them into participating in the civil war. As a result, the political events that occurred during the secession period led to the outbreak of the American Civil War.

In conclusion, the progressive development of the civil war in the United States was caused by many factors. Nonetheless, the primary reason for the emergence of this conflict was the political and ideological differences embraced by the northern and southern states. Because the abolition of slavery and humanitarian concerns were an important issue in the nineteenth century, there was a need to abolish slave trade within the nation and to embrace equality between the Native Americans and the African slaves. However, the southerners would have lost their source of labor if this trade was abolished. As such, they made reforms aimed at enhancing this illegal trade to improve their economy. The efforts of the central government and the northern states to castigate the promotion of slavery led to the outbreak of the civil war. Therefore, the American civil war developed because of the political differences between the northern and southern America and their conflicting ideologies about slavery.

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